In January 2018, Pope Francis will come to to Peru to visit the cities of Lima, Trujillo and Puerto Maldonado. We are feeling his nearness and a special joy gives us the impulse to welcome him.
Below, you will find information about these three regions.
(Click on the picture to learn more.)
Lima, city of saints
On Sunday January 18, 2018, Pope Francis will develop some pastoral activities in the city of Lima, capital of Peru.
The first activity the Holy Father will accomplish is a meeting with the nuns of the contemplative life or closure, belonging to the Sanctuary of the Lord of Miracles, known as Temple of Nazarenas, located in downtown Lima.
Then, he will venerate the relics of the Peruvian saints: Rose of Lima, Toribio of Mogrovejo and Martin of Porres at the cathedral of Lima. After that, Pope Francis will meet the Bishops of the country at the Lima Archbishopric.
At noon, he will pray the Angelus at Main Square and finally, in the afternoon, he will celebrate the Holy Mass at the Costa Verde (The Green Coast, name of the esplanades around the beaches of the districts of San Miguel, Miraflores, Barranco and Chorrillos).
The region of Lima is located in the central coast of the country at 154 masl over the Pacific Ocean. The city has 43 districts and covers 34,801 square kilometres. Being the capital of Peru, Lima is also the political and commercial center of the country.
Lima was founded on January 18, 1535, by Francisco Pizarro, who gave it the nickname “City of Kings”. Lima soon became the capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru, thanks to its financial and administrative power obtained mostly on arrival of ships from Panama to the port of Callao.
According to information given by the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics (INEI, in Spanish), the population of Lima was estimated in 9,834,631 people in 2015, thus becoming the most populated region in the country; 30% of the total number of Peruvians live in Lima.
It is important to point out that Lima is mostly catholic and has many churches and chapels, as well as images of catholic saints that go around the city in procession at different times of the year, followed by multitudes.
Lima has high atmospheric humidity and cloudy conditions. In summer (December to March), the temperature of the city may reach 32°C, while in winter (June to September), temperatures descend to 11°C.
The economy of the country is based mainly on wholesale and retail trade, and manufacture, according to INEI.
- Downtown Lima, where Main Square, the Cathedral and Government Palace are located, together with amazing architectonic structures, including the temples of San Pedro, San Francisco, Nuestra Señora de la Merced, Santo Domingo, San Marcelo, among others.
- The Circuit of Beaches, is the road that links the beaches situated along the districts of Callao, San Miguel, Magdalena, San Isidro, Miraflores, Barranco and Chorrillos.
- The Bridge of Sighs, district of Barranco, which endured the blows of the Pacific War and was rebuilt after being destroyed in 1881.
- Natural Viewpoint at San Cristobal Hill, located between the districts of Rimac and San Juan de Lurigancho, where visitors can have a panoramic view of the city.
Trujillo, after El Niño phenomenon
Trujillo, the “City of Eternal Spring” and the “City of Marinera” (local folk dance), apart from being the commercial center and the capital of the La Libertad Region, is the second most populated region of Peru (near 1 million 900 thousand inhabitants), after Lima, according to figures from INEI taken in June 2016.
This city was slashed by the “EL Niño Costero” phenomenon at the beginning of this year, after seven landslides hit the city. However, this is a town that continues rising despite adversity, through faith and love for its homeland.
The Holy Father visits Trujillo to transmit hope to the northern region of the country in response to the latest events that devastated the area.
According to the program, Pope Francis will arrive to Carlos Martínez de Pinillo airport on Saturday January 20, at 9:00 approximately and there he will be welcomed by regional authorities.
At the Huanchaco esplanade, Eucharist will be celebrated, accompanied by the sacred images of Inmaculada Virgen de la Puerta of Otuzco, Virgen Candelaria del Socorro of Huanchaco, Virgen de las Mercedes of Paita (Piura), Santísima Cruz de Chalpón of Motupe and Divino Niño del Milagro of Eten (Lambayeque). Then, the Supreme Pontiff will go to the historic San Carlos and San Marcelo Seminary School where seminarians will greet him. Finally, the Pope will celebrate a Marianist celebration, presided over by the Inmaculada Virgen de la Puerta of Otuzco at the Main Square of Trujillo, after which he will depart to Lima from the Huanchaco airport.
Trujillo is in the northern coast of Peru, at an altitude of 34 masl, on the right bank of the Moche river and the valley of the same name. It covers approximately 50 km.
Trujillo’s weather is cold and humid, unlike all the other cities of the north. Drizzles and fog are daily phenomena in winter and fall. The Andean section has dry and cool weather at daytime and gets colder at night. Rain is heavy from January to March.
Is mainly based on agroindustry (sugar cane, asparagus and rice), as well as gold and charcoal. There is also intense fishing activity at Salaverry, Malabrigo and Pacasmayo seaports.
- “El Brujo” complex
- Huaca del Sol
- Huaca de la Luna
- Chan Chan citadel
- Huaca del Arcoiris
- Church of San Francisco
- Church of San Agustin
- The cathedral
- House of Mariscal de Orbegoso
- Ganoza House
- Emancipacion House
Source: Correo newspaper (June 2016)
Puerto Maldonado: Encounter with the Amazonia
Pope Francis has a great commitment at taking care of the environment and that is one of his big motivations to visit the heart of our Amazon rainforest and get closer to the indigenous peoples. “To be administrators of the richness we have received, commits us with the society,” he soundly said in one of his messages.
His interest in the natural surroundings had already been mentioned in the Laudato si´, called the ecological encyclic, presented in 2015.
This is considered a historical document inside the catholic church due to its powerful message to the human beings on their responsibility to care about the environment: “Christians must realize that their responsibility within creation and their duty toward nature and the Creator are an essential part of their faith.”
- Arrival to Puerto Maldonado and welcome at the airport.
- Transport to Madre de Dios colosseum – Encounter with the Amazonian peoples.
- Transport to Jorge Basadre Institute- Meeting the local population
- Visit “El Principito” home.
Puerto Maldonado is the “Capital of Biodiversity of Peru” due to the important species of fauna and flora found around the forests. Situated on the banks between rivers Tambopata and Madre de Dios, it is the headquarters of the Apostolic Vicariate of Puerto Maldonado.
Tropical, humid and rainy, with average temperatures of 20°C during the dry season, May to October. Temperatures may descend to 9°C during the cold spells from May to September, and reach a maximum of 36°C to 38°C in the rainy season, from December to April.
The most important economic activity in the area is gold mining. Likewise, its geography makes it a place of great forest wealth, being the main product the chestnut tree.
National parks and natural reserves are part of the beauty and notoriety of the region. Some of these sites are:
- Manu National Park
- Tambopata Candamo Reserve
- Pampas of Heath National Sanctuary
- Lake Sandoval
- Lake Valencia